Creating a good password


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Creating a good password

A mother uses her laptop while a small boy colours in next to her

What's coming up

If you've completed the previous activity, you will have learnt what not to do when creating a password. Now it's time to look at what you should do.

In this activity, we'll look at what makes a good password, and ways to remember passwords.

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What's a good password?

The best kind of password is one that looks like it’s just a jumble of numbers, letters and symbols. It uses both capitals and lower case letters.

These types of passwords can't be guessed by using personal information, dictionary words or common phrases. Some examples of these kinds of passwords include:

  • Figit32!
  • 12guRi
  • 3br@T2

Of course, these kinds of passwords can be very hard to remember. So we're next going to cover some tips for creating a password that you might not forget.

A notice board with a note showing that a password is the word password.
An example of a good password being 'F7!Day'

Using substitutions

To make a password that's easy to remember, you can take a common word and substitute some letters with numbers, symbols or capital letters.

For example, let's choose Friday to start our password, and then mix it up a bit. First, change the r to a 7 (it's a bit like a backwards r).

Then make the i an exclamation mark (which looks like an upside-down i), and make the d a capital D.

A password like F7!Day will be harder to guess than Friday.

A login screen on a mobile phone asking for a username and a password

You do need to be careful with this method, and make several substitutions. Some common substitutions are well known. For example, if you change the word forever to 4ever, or house to h0use, these are likely to be easily guessed.

Using a lyric or phrase

A popular way of creating memorable passwords is to use the first letters of a song lyric, or passage from a book, poem or a well-known phrase. It should be easy for you to remember, but difficult for someone else to guess.

For example, the song title You can’t always get what you want from the 1960s could form a password like: Ycagwyw

To make the password stronger, you can capitalise the first and last letters, and add numbers for the decade it was written. What you get is a very strong password: YcagwyW60

You can't always get what you want is typed out with the first letter of each word highlighted.

Using a phrase you can remember

Let's take a look at how Mary might use a phrase she can remember to create a good password.

Click Continue to watch the video on the next screen.

Creating a website password

Let’s look at creating a secure website password with Marion.

On the next slide is a practice activity that includes some steps to try yourself. Select the Continue button below to begin and then follow the instructions on the right-hand side of the screen.

Creating a website password

Creating a website password

This is an interactive activity that allows learners to practise creating a secure website password.

This activity has no sound track and is made up of a number of images and text instructions with opportunities for the user to enter text or click on links as part of the exercise to create a password.

This is to encourage confidence using the internet by practising a simple exercise in a simulated environment.

If a mistake is made during this exercise, there will be a prompt to ask you to try it again. If another mistake is made, the video will show you how to complete that section of the exercise.

A screen with a username and password that are displayed as dots


Well done, you've come to the end of the Creating a good password activity.

You've learnt that it's not that difficult to create a good password by simply taking something you know and changing it slightly. That way, you can remember it easily and help ensure that it can't be easily guessed.

Still, eventually you might end up with too many passwords to remember. The next activity, Remembering passwords, will introduce you to tools that can help.